Vanadium (V)

General Properties

Symbol V
Atomic Number 23
Atomic Weight 50.9415
Group
5 (vanadium family)
VA (IUPAC), VB (CAS)
Solid, Conductor, Transition Metal, Metal, Stable, Natural
Period 4
Block d

Physical Properties

Density 6.11 g/cm3
Atomic Volume 8.35 cm3/mole
Atomic Radius 1.34 angstroms
Covalent Radius 125 pm
Crust Abundance 0.019%
Crystal Structure Cubic: Body centered
Color Silver

Energy

Electronegativity 1.6 (Pauling Scale)
Electron Affinity 50.6 kJ/mol
1st Ionization Energy 651 kJ/mol
2nd Ionization Energy 1414 kJ/mol
3rd Ionization Energy 2830 kJ/mol
4th Ionization Energy 4507 kJ/mol
5th Ionization Energy 6298.7 kJ/mol
6th Ionization Energy 12363 kJ/mol
7th Ionization Energy 14530 kJ/mol
8th Ionization Energy 16730 kJ/mol
9th Ionization Energy 19860 kJ/mol
10th Ionization Energy 22240 kJ/mol
11th Ionization Energy 24670 kJ/mol
12th Ionization Energy 29730 kJ/mol
13th Ionization Energy 32446 kJ/mol
14th Ionization Energy 86450 kJ/mol
15th Ionization Energy 94170 kJ/mol
16th Ionization Energy 102300 kJ/mol
17th Ionization Energy 112700 kJ/mol
18th Ionization Energy 121600 kJ/mol
19th Ionization Energy 130700 kJ/mol
20th Ionization Energy 143400 kJ/mol
21st Ionization Energy 151440 kJ/mol
22nd Ionization Energy 661050 kJ/mol
23rd Ionization Energy 699144 kJ/mol
Specific Heat Capacity 0.489 J g−1 K−1
Thermal Conductivity 30.7 W·m−1·K−1

Electrons & Oxidation

Oxidation States +5,2,3,4
Electrons Per Shell 2 8 11 2
Electron Configuration [Ar] 3d3 4s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d3 4s2
Orbital Diagram
1s
↿⇂
2s
↿⇂
2p
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
3s
↿⇂
3p
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
3d
↿ 
↿ 
↿ 
 
 
4s
↿⇂
4p
 
 
 
4d
 
 
 
 
 
4f
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Nuclear

Radioactive No

Media

Planetary Bohr Model of Vanadium (V)
Description
Soft, ductile, silvery-white metal. Resistant to corrosion by moisture, air and most acids and alkalis at room temperature.
Uses
It is mixed with other metals to make very strong and durable alloys. Vanadium pentoxide (V2O5) is used as a catalyst, dye and color-fixer.
Sources
Found in the minerals patronite (VS4), vanadinite [Pb5(VO4)3Cl], and carnotite [K2(UO2)2(VO4)2.3H2O]. Pure metal produced by heating with C and Cl to produce VCl3 which is heated with Mg in Ar atmosphere.
Pronounciation (English)
veh-NAY-di-em

Translations

Afrikaans Vanadium
Aragonese Banadio
العربية فناديوم
Armãneashte Vanadiumu
asturianu Vanadiu
azərbaycan dili Vanadium
български Ванадий
বাংলা ভ্যানাডিয়াম
brezhoneg Vanadiom
bosanski Vanadij[um]
Byelorussian Ванадый
Cebuano Vanadyo
čeština Vanad
Chuvash Ванади
Cymraeg Vanadi
dansk Vanadium
Deutsch Vanadium
Ελληνικά Βαναdιο
English Vanadium
esperanto Vanadio
español Vanadio
eesti Vanaadium
euskara Banadioa
فارسی وانادیم
suomi Vanadiini
føroyskt Vanadium
français Vanadium
furlan Vanadi
West-Frysk Vanadium
Gaeilge Vanaidiam
Gàidhlig Vanaidiam
galego Vanadio
ગુજરાતી વૅનેડિયમનો
Gaelg Vanaadjum
Hakka Chinese Fàm (釩)
עברית ונדיום
हिन्दी वनेडियम
hrvatski Vanadij
magyar Vanádium
հայերեն Վանադիում
Indonesia Vanadium
íslenska Vanadín
italiano Vanadio
日本語 バナジウム
ქართული ვანდიუმი
کٲشُر Wônôd
қазақ тілі Ванадий
한국어 바나듐
Kurdish Vanadyûm
Komi Ванадий
kernewek Vanadyum
кыргызча Ванадий
Latin Vanadium
Lëtzebuergesch Vanadium
Lombard Vanàdi
lingála Vanadu
lietuvių Vanadis
latviešu Vanādijs
Mari Ванадий
Maori Vanadium
македонски Ванадиум
മലയാളം വനേഡിയം
монгол Ванади
Мокшан Ванади
Bahasa Melayu Vanadium
Malti Vanadju[m]
Nahuatl Vanadio
Nederlands Vanadium
norsk Vanadium
Occitan Vanadi
ирон Ванадий
polski Wanad
português Vanádio
Runasimi Wanadyu
română Vanadiu
русский Ванадий
slovenčina Vanád
slovenščina Vanadij
Samoan Vanadimi
Samogitian Vanadis
shqip Vanad, ²Vanadiumi
српски Ванадијум
Southern Sotho Vanadiamo
svenska Vanadin
Kiswahili Vanadi
தமிழ் வனேடியம்
Tajik Ванадий
ไทย วาเนเดียม
Türkçe Vanadyum
ئۇيغۇرچە ۋانادىي
українська Ванадій
o‘zbek Vanadiy
Tiếng Việt Vanađi
Võro Vanaadium
中文

History

Discovered In
1801
Discovered By
Andres Manuel del Rio and Nils Sefström
Discovered At
Mexico and Sweden
Word Origin
Named after "Vanadis", the goddess of beauty in Scandinavian mythology