Neon (Ne)

General Properties

Symbol Ne
Atomic Number 10
Atomic Weight 20.1797
Group
18 (noble gases or helium family/neon family)
VIII (IUPAC), VIIIA (CAS)
Gas, Diamagnetic, Noble Gas, Nonmetal, Stable, Natural
Period 2
Block p

Physical Properties

Density 0.0009 g/cm3
Atomic Volume 16.9 cm3/mole
Atomic Radius 0.51 angstroms
Covalent Radius 71 pm
Crust Abundance 3E-7%
Crystal Structure Cubic: Face centered
Color Colorless

Energy

Electronegativity (Pauling Scale)
Electron Affinity 0 kJ/mol
1st Ionization Energy 2088 kJ/mol
2nd Ionization Energy 3952.3 kJ/mol
3rd Ionization Energy 6122 kJ/mol
4th Ionization Energy 9371 kJ/mol
5th Ionization Energy 12177 kJ/mol
6th Ionization Energy 15238 kJ/mol
7th Ionization Energy 19999.0 kJ/mol
8th Ionization Energy 23069.5 kJ/mol
9th Ionization Energy 115379.5 kJ/mol
10th Ionization Energy 131432 kJ/mol
Specific Heat Capacity 1.03 J g−1 K−1
Thermal Conductivity 0.0493 W·m−1·K−1

Electrons & Oxidation

Oxidation States 0
Electrons Per Shell 2 8
Electron Configuration [He] 2s2 2p6
1s2 2s2 2p6
Orbital Diagram
1s
↿⇂
2s
↿⇂
2p
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂

Nuclear

Radioactive No

Media

Planetary Bohr Model of Neon (Ne)
Lewis Dot Diagram of Neon (Ne)
Description
Colorless, odorless, tasteless inert gas. Fourth most abundant element in the universe and fifth most abundant in the earth's atmosphere (18.18 ppm).
Uses
Primarily for lighting.
Sources
Obtained from production of liquid air as a byproduct of producing liquid oxygen and nitrogen.
Pronounciation (English)
NEE-on

Translations

Afrikaans Neon
Aragonese Neón
العربية نيون
Armãneashte Neon
asturianu Neón
azərbaycan dili Neon
български Неон
বাংলা নিয়ন
brezhoneg Neon
bosanski Neon
Byelorussian Неон, Нэон
Cebuano Neón
čeština Neon
Chuvash Неон
Cymraeg Neó
dansk Neon
Deutsch Neon
Ελληνικά Νεον
English Neon
esperanto Neono
español Neón
eesti Neoon
euskara Neona
فارسی نئون
suomi Neon
føroyskt Neon
français Néon
furlan Neon
West-Frysk Neon
Gaeilge Neon
Gàidhlig Neon
galego Neon
ગુજરાતી નીયૉનનો
Gaelg Neion
Hakka Chinese Nái (氖)
עברית ניאון
हिन्दी नियोन
hrvatski Neon
magyar Neon
հայերեն Նեոն
Indonesia Neon
íslenska Neon
italiano Neon
日本語 ネオン
ქართული ნეონი
کٲشُر Néón
қазақ тілі Неон
한국어 네온
Kurdish Neon, Nêyon
Komi Неон
kernewek Neon
кыргызча Неон
Latin Neon
Lëtzebuergesch Neon
Lombard Néun
lingála Neoni
lietuvių Neonas
latviešu Neons
Mari Неон
Maori Haukura
македонски Неон
മലയാളം നിയോണ്‍
монгол Неон
Мокшан Неон
Bahasa Melayu Neon
Malti Neon
Nahuatl Yancuīquehēcatl
Nederlands Neon
norsk Neon
Occitan Neon
ирон Неон
polski Neon
português Néon
Runasimi Niyun
română Neon
русский Неон
slovenčina Neón
slovenščina Neon
Samoan Neoni
Samogitian Neuons
shqip Neon
српски Неон
Southern Sotho Neone
svenska Neon
Kiswahili Neoni
தமிழ் நியன்
Tajik Неон
ไทย นีออน
Türkçe Neon
ئۇيغۇرچە نىئون گازى
українська Неон
o‘zbek Neon
Tiếng Việt Neon, Nê-ông
Võro Neoon
中文

History

Discovered In
1898
Discovered By
Sir William Ramsay, Morris W. Travers
Discovered At
London, England
Word Origin
From the Greek word "neon" meaning "new"